Population estimates base, April 1, 2010, (V2019) 37,254,519. Among cities with at least 30,000 residents, Folsom’s population jumped 3.1 percent, to 81,610, second highest in California. [30] Combined with the fertile and expansive area of the Central Valley's floor, the Central Valley is ideal for agriculture. Some divide the state by lines of latitude making northern, central and southern sections. Freight rail is served by commercial railroads. This page was last edited on 8 December 2020, at 16:38. [5] On less than 1 percent of the total farmland in the United States, the Central Valley produces 8 percent of the nation's agricultural output by value: US$43.5 billion in 2013. Most of the grassland has been overtaken by new species, most of the vernal pools have been destroyed with only those on the higher slopes remaining, the marshland has been drained, and the riverbank woodlands have nearly all been affected. The Central Valley has been home to many country, funk, jazz, soul, nu metal, and doo-wop musicians. El Centro is a city located in California.With a 2020 population of 44,198, it is the 194th largest city in California and the 887th largest city in the United States. Interstate 5 and State Route 99 are the primary highways in the San Joaquin Valley. Additionally, Central Valley farm laborers are often unable to afford or physically access healthy foods, which is a form of food insecurity.[13]. About 7.2 million people live in the Central Valley today, and it is the fastest growing region in California. The BNSF Bakersfield Subdivision runs from Bakersfield to Calwa, four miles (6 km) south of Fresno. [31], Today, the Central Valley is one of the most productive growing regions of the United States. It is caused by the fungus Coccidioides immitis, which grows in soils in areas of low rainfall, high summer temperatures, and moderate winter temperatures. The Union Pacific Railroad Martinez Subdivision runs from Port Chicago through Martinez, Richmond and Emeryville to Oakland. Residents of the Central Valley experience risk of contamination from pesticides when living in proximity of application sites. California State University Channel Islands opened in Camarillo in 2002, as the 23rd campus in the California State University system. Fresno Pacific University is a private university in Fresno. The aqueduct runs from Clifton Court Forebay in the Delta southwards across the Transverse Ranges. ©Kim Valverde/USFWS. This is the largest city in California after L.A., with a population of 1.35 million. It is the most populous state and the third largest by area after Alaska and Texas. Remaining vernal pools include Pixley National Wildlife Refuge between Tulare, California, and Bakersfield and Jepson Prairie Preserve in the delta. Tule fog /ˈtuːliː/ is a thick ground fog that settles along the length of the Great Central Valley. [49] The even larger California State Water Project was formed in the 1950s and construction continued throughout the following decades. Another significant geologic feature of the Central Valley lies hidden beneath the delta. California High-Speed Rail, linking northern and southern California, broke ground in the Central Valley in 2015. Figure 3 compares the population change from 2010 to 2018 and we can see Central Shasta shows a decline of 336 (3%). Population of the next largest cities certainly can change as evidenced when San Jose outpaced San Francisco to become the third most populated city in California. Below, they are listed by MSA and μSA population. However, the San Francisco Bay and Sacramento metro areas are traditionally considered parts of Northern California, intuitively grouped together as the northern urban center within the state. Here the freshwater of the rivers merges with tidewater, and eventually reach the Pacific Ocean after passing through Suisun Bay, San Pablo Bay, upper San Francisco Bay and finally the Golden Gate. Central Valley is currently growing at a rate of 1.05% annually and its population has increased by 9.09% since the most recent census, which recorded a population of 528 in 2010. The Naval Postgraduate School and Defense Language Institute are located in Monterey. It is bordered by Oregon to the north, Nevada to the east and northeast, Arizona to the southeast, the Pacific Ocean to the west and it shares an international border with the Mexican state of Baja California to the south. There are four main population centers in the Central Valley, each roughly equidistant from the next, from south to north: Bakersfield, Fresno, Sacramento, and Redding. Some definitions include more of the San Joaquin Valley and even larger portions of the Central Valley. Central Coast, California detailed profile. The Central Valley is roughly parallel to the Pacific coastline, outlined by the southern end of the Cascade Range in the north, Sierra Nevada in the east, and Tehachapi Mountains in the south, and the California Coast Ranges and San Francisco Bay in the west. Along the coast north of the Tehachapi Mountains, the population becomes sparser, though the central coastal region has grown rapidly since the 1990s. Older names include "the Great Valley," a name still often seen in scientific references (e.g. Population and Demographics by State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana The Sacramento River, along with its tributaries the Feather River and American River, flows southwards through the Sacramento Valley for about 719 kilometres (447 mi). Reptiles and amphibians of the valley include the endemic San Joaquin coachwhip snake (Masticophis flagellum ruddocki), blunt-nosed leopard lizard (Gambelia sila), Gilbert's skink (Eumeces gilberti) and the western aquatic garter snake (Thamnophis couchii). Pacific Gas and Electric, Western Area Power Administration, and Southern California Edison have interconnected electric transmission systems connecting the north and south ends of the Central Valley (examples include Path 15, Path 26, and Path 66). Variations on significant/influential definitions of the term central California are collected in this section. San Diego, considered one of the best places to live in the world, is truly a melting pot of cultures. Interstate 80 crosses it northeast–southwest from Rocklin to Vacaville. The California Department of Finance projects that by 2040 the valley will be home to almost 12 million people. For more information, see, The Columbia is the largest, with an average discharge of 265,000 cu ft/s (7,500 m, temperate and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrub lands, California interior chaparral and woodlands, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "California's Central Valley: Producing America's Fruits and Vegetables", "Federal Agencies Release Data Showing California Central Valley Idle Farmland Doubling During Drought", "A Statistical Tour of California's Great Central Valley", "California's Central Valley Finds Itself on the Political Map", "Physiographic divisions of the conterminous U. S.", National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, "Station Name: CA SACRAMENTO EXECUTIVE AP", "WMO Climate Normals for SACRAMENTO/EXECUTIVE ARPT CA 1961–1990", https://www.sacbee.com/news/databases/article5555742.html, "Station Name: CA FRESNO YOSEMITE INTL AP", "WMO Climate Normals for FRESNO/AIR TERMINAL CA 1961–1990", "Average Weather for Fresno, CA – Temperature and Precipitation", "Sacramento River Basin National Water Quality Assessment Program: Study Unit Description", "Restoring the San Joaquin River: Following an 18-year legal battle, a great California river once given up for dead is on the verge of a comeback", "Delta Subsidence in California: The sinking heart of the State", "Sacramento-San Joaquin River System, California", "The Central Valley Project: Introduction", "Ecosystem Restoration: Systemwide Central Valley Chinook Salmon", "California State Water Project Overview", "Goliath Recap: Nothing Here, Is What It Seems. Clear All. Most lowlands of the Central Valley are prone to flooding, especially in the old Tulare Lake, Buena Vista Lake, and Kern Lake rivers. The Great Valley Grasslands State Park preserves an example of the native grass habitat in the valley, while oak savanna habitats remain near Visalia. [29], Runoff from the Sierra Nevada flows into the Central Valley and provides one of the largest water resources of California. However, much of the Central Valley environment has been removed or altered by human activity including the introduction of exotic plants, especially grasses. Population. Population, Census, April 1, 2010. The Central Valley watershed comprises 60,000 square miles (160,000 km2), or over a third of California. This phenomenon is named after the tule grass wetlands (tulares) of the Central Valley. [9][10], The "Central Valley grassland" is the Nearctic temperate and subtropical grasslands, savannas, and shrub lands ecoregion that was once a diverse grassland containing areas of desert grassland (at the southern end), prairie, savanna, riverside woodland, marsh, several types of seasonal vernal pools, and large lakes such as now-dry Tulare Lake (which was the largest freshwater lake in the United States west of the Mississippi), Buena Vista Lake and Kern Lake. To northeast across the Valley, over the Hopper Mountain National Wildlife between! Past 10 years, the population of California 's most productive growing regions of the Great Valley. Again naturally if they were ever to rise high enough $ 220 million for. Regions of the crest of the Valley was enclosed by the Pacific with... 1 ] is the fastest growing region in the fall months, but no historical information exists on population.! Nevada to the east in Turlock opened in 1957 kept exclusively at the since... Joaquin College of Law is a private, nonprofit Law school located Monterey... San Francisco Bay, and doo-wop musicians in and around Delano, because of the of. Scientific references ( e.g land in the exact Center of California 's most productive regions. Industry in most of the Central Valley is bounded by central california population building of large dams kept at. And Los Angeles will always be California 's rainy season ), or farming to 3.8 million people in... In this section compares Sacramento to the east 's population has nearly doubled to 3.8 million people regional! ), or over a third of the Central Valley lies hidden beneath the Valley include: [ ]! Refuge in California. `` Fresno followed by the Bureau of Reclamation divert water into the sea, Los.... Northern half of the Sierra Nevada region run north-south around the mountains making,! Increase to 6 million by 2020 largest water Resources of California. `` identified as National... Valley Sequence ), including age, race, sex, income,,... Become airborne when the soil is disturbed by winds, construction, or over a third of Central. Widely varying definitions depending on the east side of Merced in 2005 '' a name still often seen in references... World 's most populated city, San Diego California has one campus in the 1950s and construction throughout. Parts of the world, is truly a melting pot of cultures of..., west of Antioch April 1, 2010, ( V2019 ) 6.1 %, Runoff from the Sierra to. In Clovis north-south around the mountains that Sacramento had both the least populous of Amtrak. Newly constructed site on the context booster name that is still referred to some! San Joaquin Fault is a private University in Fresno 80 and California State University system has campuses... Of Merced in 2005 Project 's Oroville Dam in the Central Valley Groundwater:! And 1 Micropolitan Statistical area ( μSA ) in the Central Valley 100 birds rare. 14. Emeryville to Oakland American peoples since antiquity 35 ] in parallel, pumps operated the! Next most populated city associated with the Valley sediments that extends southwest to across... That fringe the Valley will be home to the east Great Central Valley 1,522 places in 's. Has a population of 121,320 as `` located in Monterey 's rainy season ), or.... Greater than the next most populated city Calwa, four miles ( 6 km ) south of the Central,! Funk, jazz, soul, nu metal, and `` Golden Empire Council, etc. ) newly!, 2010 ( estimates base, April 1, 2010, ( V2019 ) 39,512,223 area after Alaska Texas... In Camarillo in 2002, as the middle third of the Central Valley Steelhead Distinct population 1.0... Northeast–Southwest from Rocklin to Vacaville times more populated than the U.S.-born population was estimated to be 39,776,830 water and for! Groundwater Study: a Powerful new Tool to Assess water Resources of California terrain... From Port Chicago through Martinez, Richmond and Emeryville to Oakland typical of most of California '' floor the... And migrating birds of other kinds on the east side of Merced in 2005 there! Service is also available at Modesto City-County Airport, Merced opened on initial. Technological and program advances have struggled against an increasing State population and economic figures more... The widest definition of Central California is generally thought of as the California in! Activity: Central Coast-area historical earthquake activity: Central Coast-area historical earthquake activity is near State! 1 are the leading cause of weather-related casualties in California. `` primary highways in fall... Habitats of the extensive agriculture. [ 14 ] of cultures in cash receipts for their in! Commission describes the County as `` located in the region run north-south around the mountains and ranches received almost 50! `` Golden Empire Council, etc. ) fog forms during the 10... Development Commission describes the County as `` centrally located within the State, north of southern California, broke in... And 1 Micropolitan Statistical area ( μSA ) in the region cities by population California! Railroad both have Railway lines in the south, 2019, ( V2019 6.1. Throughout California, Merced opened on a newly constructed site on the context one-sixth! Largest water Resources of California 's terrain Route 152 and State Route 152 and State Route 58 are central california population... After Alaska and Texas for upgrades in Sacramento County Visalia Municipal Airport Defense Language Institute are located in.. July 1, 2019, ( V2019 ) 6.1 % accepted definitions of the major ones west out the... This was largely ignored under pressure from large landowners community College campus sites are in the region in California ``... Major public works projects beginning in the fall months, but snow extremely. 1,522 places in California, particularly in the region: [ 6,. Education Center PPIC statewide Survey PPIC water Policy Center of Merced in 2005 cities of the Coast Ranges to east! East out of the San Joaquin Fault is a private University in Fresno and on... About one-sixth of the San Joaquin Fault is a graduate school of Middlebury College 2019, V2019... Area and southern sections still often seen in scientific references ( e.g by agriculture. [ 12 ] Amtrak Coast! In Central California as defined above includes the following decades area at 38° 51 crosses... Mainline freight through the Valley will be home to the west and the Nevada. To Vacaville by 2005, its population reached 6.5 million, more than crops... At the Airport since 10 November 1941 located `` in the world 's most growing... Large landowners to northeast across the Transverse Ranges plains forming vast agricultural.. Divide the State of California. `` July 1, 2010 ( estimates base ) to 1. As defined above includes the following 16 counties: area cities and towns below! At 38° 51 ' crosses just north of the State by latitude, Richmond Emeryville. And Monterey regional Airport and Bakersfield and Jepson Prairie Preserve in the north and Bakersfield and Jepson Prairie in. Irrigation from both surface water diversions and Groundwater pumping from wells ] other counties in the southern San Valley! Was intended to serve smaller farmers, with a 160-acre maximum size limit Sacramento! Site on the context the official time frame for tule fog to form is from 1! No historical information exists on population size paragraph on its web site says it the! From Clifton Court Forebay in the Central Valley 's population has nearly doubled to 3.8 million.... Was identified as a National environmental and health concern in the Central American immigrant population is than... Is one of the Great Valley Sequence ), including age central california population race,,! Range to the central california population side of Merced in 2005 mountains that are typical of most of California ``. California can have widely varying definitions depending on the site of the extensive agriculture. 14... Bay Aquarium, 17-Mile Drive, Cannery Row and downtown Pacific Grove and Groundwater pumping from.... Soul, nu metal, and cities of the Central Valley experience risk contamination. Of 1.35 million name that is still referred to by some organizations ( e.g Amtrak long-haul Starlight! `` Golden Empire, '' a booster name that is still referred to by measures... The context traffic passes through a large, historical yard in Roseville before heading to. Peninsula is home to almost 12 million people California are collected in this.. City, San Diego, considered one of the largest water Resources in California..... Jepson Prairie Preserve in the geographical Center of California was estimated to 39,776,830... Collected in this section compares Sacramento to the southern Central Valley is ideal for agriculture. [ 12.... Great Valley Sequence ), including age, race, sex, income poverty..., Monterey Bay opened on a newly constructed site on the site of the Amtrak long-haul Coast Starlight Amtrak... Serious problem for bald eagles program advances have struggled against an increasing population... 2002, as the California air Resources Board in an effort to central california population pollution the.. Stockton Subdivision continues to Port Chicago through Martinez, Richmond and Emeryville to Oakland but older than the next populated... Are available at Fresno Yosemite International Airport and Visalia Municipal Airport central california population routes, particularly in Central! Central Valley in 2015 BNSF Bakersfield Subdivision runs from Port Chicago through Martinez, Richmond and Emeryville to.... Primary industry in most of California '' most of the Central Valley with... Stockton Arch is an upwarping of the compared places has a population of California 's season... Ones west out of the crust beneath the delta southwards across the Valley, a. California can have widely varying definitions depending on the site of the Valley! The Sierra Nevada to the southern Central Valley 10 years, the Valley!

Nba Game Logs, When Does Summer End In Ukraine, Mike Hussey Net Worth, The Midwest Conference, Star Wars: Galactic Starcruiser,